On or Before is an expression usually found in a contract or promissory note. This means that the service or payment must be made before a certain date. This can also be done before this date. For example, completed applications must be received by May 10, 2011, which means that applications must reach the individual on May 10 or before May 10, 2011. Written statements submitted to the court describing a party`s legal or factual allegations about the case. Section 707(b)(2) of the Bankruptcy Code applies a „resource test” to determine whether an individual debtor`s filing under Chapter 7 is considered an abuse of the Bankruptcy Act that requires a dismissal or conversion of the matter (generally in Chapter 13). Abuse is suspected if the debtor`s aggregate monthly current income (as defined above) over 5 years, less certain expenses permitted by law, is greater than (i) $10,000 or (ii) 25% of the debtor`s unjustified unsecured debt, provided that this amount is at least $6,000. The debtor may rebut a presumption of abuse only by proving special circumstances that justify additional expenses or adjustments to current monthly income. A court decision in a previous case with facts and legal issues similar to a legal dispute currently being heard by a court. Judges „generally follow precedents,” that is, they apply the principles established in previous cases to rule on new cases that have similar facts and raise similar legal issues. A judge will disregard precedents if a party can prove that the previous case was tried incorrectly or that it differed significantly from the current case in some way.

The legal system, which originated in England and is now used in the United States, is based on the articulation of legal principles in a historical sequence of court decisions. The principles of the common law may be amended by legislation. With regard to civil actions in „justice” and not in „law”. In English legal history, courts could order the payment of damages and could not afford any other remedy (see Damages). A separate „justice” court might ask someone to do something or stop doing something (e.g., injunction). In U.S. jurisprudence, federal courts have both legal and just power, but the distinction is still important. For example, a jury trial is usually available in „legal cases,” but not in „equity cases.” Before; previous. In the presence of; in the area of official jurisdiction of; As in the swearing of a magistrate, „before I personally appeared”, etc. In the absence of a legal provision on the calculation of time, the authorities agree that if an act is to be performed a certain number of days or weeks before a certain other day on which another act is to be performed, the day on which the first act is performed will be excluded from the calculation – and the total number of days or weeks must occur before the day, which has been determined for the implementation of the second act. Station c.

Walters, 63 Wis. 44, 22 N. W. 844, and the cases cited. The law as set out in previous court decisions. Synonymous with precedent. Similar to the common law, which stems from tradition and judicial decisions. Generally refers to two events in individual bankruptcy cases: (1) the „individual or group information session” of a not-for-profit budget and credit advisory body, in which individual debtors must participate before filing an application under a chapter of the Bankruptcy Act; and (2) the „Personal Finance Management Course” in Chapters 7 and 13, which an individual debtor must complete before a release is registered. There are exceptions to both requirements for certain categories of debtors, urgent circumstances, or if the U.S. trustee or receiver has determined that there are not enough licensed credit counselling agencies available to provide the necessary advice. The study of the law and the structure of the legal system Procedure brought before the courts by a single party, without notice or challenge by the other party. before the 12th century, in the sense defined in the sense 1 Before („Come before noon”); as he approached („The drum major marched in front of the group”); before or in the presence of („On May 6, 1979, Tom Jones appeared before me..

In criminal law, the constitutional guarantee guarantee guarantees that an accused receives a fair and impartial trial. In civil law, the legal rights of a person who is confronted with an adverse act that threatens freedom or property. Middle English before, before, before, before, before entry 2 A lawyer employed by the federal courts full-time to provide legal defense to defendants who cannot afford legal advice. The judiciary administers the Federal Defence Lawyers Programme in accordance with the Criminal Justice Act. A function of the federal courts that takes place at the beginning of the criminal justice trial – after a person has been arrested and charged with a federal crime and before being tried. Pre-trial officials are focusing on investigating the backgrounds of these individuals to help the court decide whether to release or detain them pending trial. The decision is based on whether these people are likely to flee or pose a threat to the community. When the court orders release, an investigative officer supervises the person in the community until they return to court. A judicial officer with the power to rule on applications before the courts. Used generically, the term judge can also refer to all judicial officers, including judges of the Supreme Court. A written statement filed as part of a court or appeal process that explains the legal and factual arguments of a page.

Middle English, Adverb & Preposition, from Old English beforan, from be- + foran avant, from fore Evidence presented orally by witnesses at trials or before grand juries.