In club football, a referee shows a red card to indicate that a player has been sent off. [2] A player who has been sent off the field must leave the field immediately and can no longer participate in the game. The player who has been removed from the field cannot be replaced during the match; Your team must continue the game with one less player. Only players, substitutes, substitutes and coaches can receive a red card. If a goalkeeper receives a red card, another player must assume the duties of goalkeeper (for example, teams usually replace an outfield player with another goalkeeper if this option is available). A red card is shown to a player who has committed a serious offence such as violent behaviour or illegal and deliberate obstruction of a scoring chance for the opposing team. A red card is also shown to a player who collects two yellow cards for minor infractions. The video assistant referee (VAR) is a match official in association football who reviews the decisions of the referee. After its introduction in 2016 in the football CUP in Europe, the VAR system was introduced by the Bundesliga and Serie A in the highest European football competitions at the beginning of the 2017/18 season[33] and by La Liga at the beginning of the 2018/19 season. [34] The system was also used at the 2017 FIFA U-20 World Cup in October. [35] On 8 January 2018, VAR was tested for the first time in England during the 2017/18 FA Cup match between Brighton & Hove Albion and Crystal Palace,[36] and the following day it was tested for the first time in France in the Côte d`Azur derby during the 2017–18 French League Cup.

It should have worked well. [37] VAR does not check everything that happens in a football match. VAR is only used for „clear and obvious errors” or „serious missed incidents” in potentially game-changing situations. This includes four areas of the game; Goals, penalty decisions, direct red cards and false identity. VAR describes to the referee what can be seen on television replays, and then the referee: VAR allows the referee to review incidents and overturn the initial decision, and is an essential technology in football. Video assistant referees are already used in the Premier League, Champions League and Europa League, as well as in many leagues across Europe. The idea of using neutral coloured cards to communicate a referee`s intentions originated in club football with English referee Ken Aston. Aston was appointed to the FIFA Referees Committee and was responsible for all referees at the 1966 FIFA World Cup.[1] In the quarter-finals, England met Argentina at Wembley Stadium. After the match, newspapers reported that referee Rudolf Kreitlein had warned England`s Bobby and Jack Charlton and sent Argentina`s Antonio Rattín off the pitch. The referee had not made his decision clearly during the match, so England manager Alf Ramsey called a FIFA representative for clarification after the match. The incident prompted Aston to think about how a referee`s decisions could be made clearer to players and spectators.

Aston realized that a colour-coding system based on the same principle as traffic lights (yellow – safe stop, red – stop) would overcome language barriers and make it clear that a player had been warned or banned. [1] As a result, at the 1970 FIFA World Cup in Mexico, yellow cards were used for the first time to indicate a warning and red cards as exclusions. The use of penalty cards has since been adopted and expanded through several sporting codes, with each sport adapting the idea to its specific rules or laws. Designed by the Refereeing 2.0 project in 2010, VAR is now used in a number of football matches. The concept stands for „Video Assistant Referee” and allows certain incidents to be reviewed by the head referee or VAR team. But what exactly is VAR and how does it work? In this article, we`ll take a closer look at the technology. The rules of handball have been adapted – accidental handballs approaching a goal will only be punished if they lead directly to the goal chance or if the arm is used for the goal. A detailed look at how the video assistant referee works in the world of football.

The first „non-friendly” professional match was an official match of the first round of the KNVB Cup between Ajax and Willem II on 21 September 2016. [21] This match was the first to feature a „monitor on the sidelines”. The monitor on the sideline would allow the referee to view footage of the field. Based on VAR, but without the monitor available on the bench, a yellow card was converted into a red card, making it the first VAR-based exclusion in a professional match. [22] Interestingly, this professional and official cup match was played before the official FIFA rules changed. Although viewers of the match were informed of the decision on television, the public in the stadium and, to a lesser extent, the players were confused as to what had happened. The main lesson to be learned from the confusion surrounding this first major decision change is that VAR decisions must be clearly communicated to players, spectators in the stadium and on television. [22] From 1 January 2014, a Gaelic football player may be sent off for the remainder of the match, with substitution allowed by showing him a black card (the referee`s black notebook) in the same way as any other penalty card for „cynical behaviour”, including blatant tripping, withdrawals and body checks. This forced substitution is a provisional penalty between yellow and red cards. A player who receives a yellow card and a black card in the same match will be sent off without being replaced. [30] A blue card is also commonly used in indoor soccer in the United States, meaning that the offender must leave the field and remain in a penalty zone (usually 2-5 minutes), during which time his team plays against a man (identical to ice hockey and roller hockey). If a goal is scored by the team against the offender, the offender can immediately return to the field.

It is also used in the Clericus Cup Association Football League for a 5-minute bench penalty for unsportsmanlike play. And it is also used in beach soccer for a 2-minute bench penalty for an unsportsmanlike play. The change is aimed at eliminating most offside calls where toenails, nose or armpits were offside. One of Bruno Fernandes` three goals for Manchester United against Leeds on the opening day of the season would have been ruled out under last season`s rules. In Gaelic games of Gaelic football and hurling, a tick or black book was previously recorded against a player for a minor offence that does not warrant a yellow card, although multiple bookings result in a yellow card being issued. The arbitration of brandishing one`s black notebook in the same way as a card was interrupted by the GAA. [29] But perhaps just as controversial is football`s solution to refereeing errors. VAR is still in its infancy as far as world football is concerned.

Fans, managers and players are finding out. And if you fall into any of these categories, you`ve come to the right place! Law 6 – Other match officials state: „The rules of the competition must clearly state who replaces a match official who cannot start or continue, and any changes associated with it.” For games with VARs, this also applies to replay operators. The goal was disallowed for offside, with Lukaku`s arm appearing offside when the restart was frozen. However, it was confusing which part of his arm was actually offside. In Australian rules football, a red card is issued to a player who has collected two yellow cards during a match or who has committed a „serious reportable offence” (for example, hitting a referee or kicking an opponent). A player who receives a red card is not allowed to participate for the rest of the match. However, unlike most sports, the player can be replaced, but only after a time equal to a quarter (without a break). However, yellow and red cards are not issued in the Australian Football League, the top division of Australian rules football.

[6] In women`s camogie, Gaelic football, hurling and Gaelic football, players receive a red card (Irish: cárta dearg) for serious misconduct and violent behaviour. A player who receives two yellow cards in a match is ejected from the field and receives a red card. Red and yellow cards were introduced into Gaelic matches after an incident during the 1995 All-Ireland Senior Football Championship final, when the referee sent Charlie Redmond off the pitch but refused to leave. [14] VAR has been introduced in international football and in national football leagues such as the English Premier League.